Dr McGlennen: There is consensus within the medical and dental community that periodontal bacteria contribute to the initiation, progression and prognosis of cardiovascular disease. From key studies, including prospective, retrospective and even meta-analysis studies, persons with untreated periodontal infections have up to a 20% increase in their risk of coronary vascular disease.1 The multiple of risk for stroke (1.74-2.85 fold) and peripheral vascular disease (1.41-2.27 fold) is equal or greater.1 More specifically, the risk of a first myocardial infarction is associated with periodontal disease (OR of 1.49) even after adjustment for history of smoking, obesity, diabetes and selected socioeconomic factors.2 Equally important is the concern for specific bacteria that are a basis for this risk, including A.a., P.g., T.f., T.d., F.n. and P.i..3-7 Specifically, F.n. carries a series of virulence factors that can contribute to inflammation of the arterial wall.8 In the interest of preventing heart and vascular disease, testing your patients for which types and what levels of these dangerous bacteria are present will provide them better care.
Many dental and medical practitioners are incorporating an overall health approach. We have invited one of those teams, Heart Attack and Stroke Prevention Center of Central Ohio, to share how they speak to patients when communicating the link between periodontal pathogens and cardiovascular disease.
Barb McClatchie DDS: First, let me set the stage for our patient experience. Our practice, Complete Health Dentistry of Columbus, is within the Heart Attack and Stroke Prevention Center of Central Ohio (HASPC). It is the first center of its kind where medical and dental professionals work in synergy to co-manage patients from both aspects within the same practice. If you start by seeing Dr. Goulder (medical side) and have a carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) scan, and the results state that you have advanced vascular age due to inflammation, then Dr. Goulder would strongly recommend you have an “Initial Assessment” to see how at risk you are for an unexpected heart attack or ischemic stroke. This assessment includes both medical and dental exams and testing: inflammatory panel, genetic testing, cone-beam CT scan (CBCT) looking for silent sources of inflammation, as well as MyPerioPath®.
The dental component performed by Dr. Barb McClatchie and team will have significant differences to what you have experienced in other dental exams. During the first visit, you are provided with a full dental assessment, CBCT looking for silent sources of inflammation, a saliva test, and periodontal evaluation as set forth by DHEmethod. In addition, as Bale/Doneen providers, each one of our patients receives an explanation of the risks of dental infections, as related to inflammation on the root cause tree. See image below.
Visual aids and clear communication are key. While the patient is holding a sample MyPerioPath® report, we say to our patients, “The problem is that there may be specific bacteria in your mouth that can be putting your body at risk. The consequence of not finding out if you harbor these bacteria is that they can silently be contributing to vascular disease. So, the best solution is to start with a simple saliva test to see if you not only have these bacteria, but how much, so we can specifically treat you and reduce your risk. What questions do you have for me about saliva testing?”
1. Meurman JH, Sanz M, Janket SJ. Oral health, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 2004;15:403-13.
2. Ryden L, Buhlin K, Ekstrand E, et al. Periodontitis Increases the Risk of a First Myocardial Infarction: A Report From the PAROKRANK Study. Circulation 2016;133:576-83.
3. Pucar A, Milasin J, Lekovic V, et al. Correlation between atherosclerosis and periodontal putative pathogenic bacterial infections in coronary and internal mammary arteries. J Periodontol 2007;78:677-82.
4. Radwan-Oczko M, Jaworski A, Dus I, Plonek T, Szulc M, Kustrzycki W. Porphyromonas gingivalis in periodontal pockets and heart valves. Virulence 2014;5:575-80.
5. Range H, Labreuche J, Louedec L, et al. Periodontal bacteria in human carotid atherothrombosis as a potential trigger for neutrophil activation. Atherosclerosis 2014;236:448-55.
6. Rath SK, Mukherjee M, Kaushik R, Sen S, Kumar M. Periodontal pathogens in atheromatous plaque. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2014;57:259-64.
7. Bale BF, Doneen AL, Vigerust DJ. High-risk periodontal pathogens contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Postgrad Med J 2017;93:215-20.
8. Liljestrand JM, Paju S, Pietiainen M, et al. Immunologic burden links periodontitis to acute coronary syndrome. Atherosclerosis 2018;268:177-84.
**To learn more about becoming an OralDNA Provider: Text “OralDNA” to 31996**
In 2011, Dr. McClatchie completed the Bale Doneen Preceptorship certification and continues mentored study today. In this program, she attends monthly scientific updates to learn the latest science to prevent cardiovascular disease from progressing and to reverse it, through practicing personalized dental medicine. She and her team offer saliva testing to identify the presence of five high risk bacteria that can increase chances of cardiovascular disease as well as to determine a person’s genetic risks. As an accredited provider of the Bale Doneen Method, she works in partnership with the Heart Attack Stroke Prevention Center of Central Ohio and supports other dentists to help patients prevent heart attacks and strokes. She is a founding member of American Academy of Oral Systemic Health, an organization bringing medical and dental professionals together as patient advocates for better patient outcomes.
A native of the Toledo area, Dr. McClatchie graduated from The Ohio State University in 1978 with a Certification in Dental Hygiene and Bachelor of Science in Education and received her Doctorate in Dental Surgery from The Ohio State University in 1986. After that she was selected to attend a hospital based general practice residency program at OSU. She continued her study with world-renowned Pankey Institute of Advanced Education where she learned the skills for full mouth reconstruction that includes comfort, function, esthetics and longevity.
Dr. McClatchie won the Worthington Chamber of Commerce small business owner award for 2016-2017. She and her husband, Dr. Eric Goulder, won an award in 2017 for opening the first and only medical center in the United States with an accredited Cardiologist and Dentist to practice the Bale Doneen Method testing and care under one roof. She has shared tips for optimal oral and heart health on Good Day Columbus and has been featured on 10TV and Columbus CEO Magazine.
Active in her community, Dr. McClatchie is a member of many organizations including the American Dental Association, Ohio Dental Association, Columbus Dental Society, OSU Dental Alumni Association, Pankey Alumni Association, AAOSH, Worthington Chamber and the Bale Doneen Preceptorship.
Outside of the office Dr. McClatchie enjoys gardening, dancing, visiting amusement parks and watching fireworks, all while laughing and having lots of fun. She has two grown boys and two golden retrievers.